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Sun, 15 Jul 2018 21:58:30 +0000
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The space market worldwide has averaged $269 billion over the past five years, growing more than 5 percent each year. SpaceNews.com
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    Personal information
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    Candidate Profile
     Date Submitted:09-01-2012
     Last Modified:09-01-2012 (08:36)
    Job information
     Current job:Research scientist
     Employment Term:Temp/Contract
     Job location:Anywhere
     Date available:>3months
     Industry:Civil Agencies/International Organizations
     Keywords
    CV

    Birthday: September 15, 1975

    Languages: French, English, Spanish, German

     

    Current Position: Research scientist (since 2007, end of contract: 31/12/2012)

    Centro de Astrobiología (CAB), Planetology Laboratory

    Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (INTA), Spain

     

    Current Research Lines:

    1- Experimental chemistry of meteoritic impact shocks in planetary icy surfaces

    2- Thermal and shock effects, volatilization and chemical/mineralogical microscale transformations using high energy pulsed Nd-YAG lasers: characterization and astrobiological interest.

     

    General Fields of Investigation:

    Chemistry of the planetary atmospheres, laser induced plasmas simulation, experimental chemistry of meteoritic impact shocks on planetary icy surface, experimental chemistry of electric discharges in planetary atmospheres, applications of gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry and infrared spectroscopy to the study of organic and inorganic compounds synthesized in planetary environments.

     

    EDUCATION

    2002     Ph.D. in Sciences (Chemistry of the Atmospheric Pollution and Physics of the Environment), LISA, Paris XII University, France.

    2000     Ph.D. in Sciences (Analytical Chemistry), National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico.

    1998     Diploma of Applied Studies (DEA) of Chemistry of the Atmospheric Pollution and Physics of the Environment, Paris VII University, France.

    1997     Master degree in Chemistry, Paris XII University, France.

    1996     Bachelor’s Degree in Chemistry, Paris XII University, France.

    1995     Diploma of General University-Studies (DEUG) in Life Sciences, Paris XII University, France.

     

    SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH EXPERIENCE

     

    2005                 Centro de Astrobiologia (CAB), INTA, Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain – Postdoctoral

    (11/2 years)       research

                            Postdoc Project: Laboratory study of the chemistry induced by hypervelocity micrometeorite impacts in planetary surfaces using laser ablation.

                            Additional Project: Study of komatiites as a volcanic source in early Earth for the chemical synthesis and its contribution as an extraterrestrial volcano. 2

    2003                 NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field CA, 94043, USA - NRC Postdoctoral Research

    (2 years)          Associate (The National Academies)

                            Postdoc Project:Chemistry Induced by Simulated Impact Shocks on Ices: Application to Icy Satellites.

    1998                  LISA – CNRS (Interuniversity-laboratory of Atmospheric Systems), Paris XII University,

    (4 years)           France - Ph-D research

    Laboratory of Plasmas Chemistry and Planetary Studies, Institute of Nuclear Sciences - National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico - Ph-D research

    Ph.D. Thesis: Nitrogen atmospheric fixation by electrical discharges during Earth history.

    Ph-D Directors: Pr. François Raulin (in France), Dr. Rafael Navarro-González (in México)

    1998                 LISA – CNRS (Interuniversity-laboratory of Atmospheric Systems), Paris XII University,

    (6 months)        France - Graduate research assistant

    Experimental investigation on Neptune: Experimental Simulation of Neptune’s Atmosphere using Cold Plasmas Discharge - Study of HCN formation by electronic impact.

    1998                 LSCE – CNRS-CEA (Sciences of the Climate and the Environment Laboratory), Gif-Sur-

    (3 months)        Yvette, France - Graduate research assistant

    Experimental investigation on the nuclear radioactivity of water: Determination of the concentration of nuclear radioactivity elements in the estuary of Loire River.

    1997                 LSCE CNRS-CEA (Sciences of the Climate and the Environment Laboratory), Gif-Sur-

    (3 months)        Yvette, France - Undergraduate research assistant

    Experimental investigation on the natural radioactivity in the ocean: Improvement in the experimental technique of measurements about the unbalances of the father-son 238U-234Th couple in the ocean.

    1997                 LISA– CNRS (Interuniversity-laboratory of Atmospheric Systems), Paris XII University,

    (3 months)        France - Undergraduate research assistant

    Experimental investigation on Neptune: HCN formation by electronic impact - Simulation applied to Neptune’s Atmosphere.

     

     

    PUBLICATIONS (29)

     

    D. Nna-Mvondo, B. N. Khare and C. P. McKay, L. Juha, R. Navarro-González and M. Ruiz-Bermejo, Investigating in laboratory on the impact-induced chemistry and the fate of tholins in Titan surface, EPSC Abstracts, Vol. 6, EPSC-DPS2011-1864, 2011.

    B. N. Khare, C. P.McKay, C. Burkhard, S. Jagota, S. McPherson, D. Nna-Mvondo, Astrobiological Implications of Titan Tholin in Methane Lakes, Bull. of the American Astronomical Society (BAAS)  42, 1068, 2010.

    D. Nna-Mvondo, B. N. Khare, C. P. McKay, R. Navarro-González, L. Juha, M. Ruiz-Bermejo, Experimental study of the reactivity of tholins and Titan surface chemistry triggered by meteoritic impact, LPI Contribution, No. 1538, 5315, 2010.

    B. N. Khare, C. P.McKay, C. Burkhard, S. Jagota, S. McPherson, D. Nna-Mvondo, Interaction of laboratory tholin with liquids present in, and on, the moons of the Outer Solar System, LPI Contribution No. 1538, 5577, 2010.

    S. McPherson, M. Nguyen, S. Wells-Rutherford, F. Suthar, B. Khare, C. McKay, D. Cruikshank, D. Nna-Mvondo, Examination of DISR reflectivity with Titan tholins made in the laboratory, Bull. of the American Astronomical Society, 41, No. 3, 2009.

    B. N. Khare, S. Wells-Rutherford, S. McPherson, Y. Sekine, P. Wilhite, C. McKay, D. Cruikshank, D. Nna-Mvondo, Quantitative Measurements of the Contribution of Titan Tholin to the Mixing Ratio of Methane in Titan’s Atmosphere, Bull. of the American Astronomical Society, 41, No. 3, 2009.

    D. Nna-Mvondo, Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay, Laboratory study of Titán’s surface chemistry induced by meteoritic impact processing: Laser-simulated hypervelocity impact on ices, Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere, 39, 254-255, 2009.

    Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay, Dale P. Cruikshank, Yasuhito Sekine, Patrick Wilhite, Tomoko Ishihara, Lauren Tracy, Katherine Lanier, D. Nna-Mvondo, Prebiotic molecules derived from tholins, Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere, 39, 242-243, 2009.

    D. Nna-Mvondo, B. N. Khare, and C.P. McKay, Experimental simulation of chemistry induced by hypervelocity impacts on icy moons surfaces: Laser-induced shocks in ices, Lunar and Planetary Science XL, 2507, 2009.

    Coustenis A. et al. (TANDEM team), Tandem: Titan and Enceladus Mission, Experimental Astronomy, 23, 893-946, 2009.

    Nna-Mvondo, D.Martin-Redondo, M.P., Martinez-Frias, J., New application of microwave digestion – inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry for multi-element analysis in komatiites, Analytica Chimica Acta, 628,133-142, 2008.

    Nna-Mvondo, D., Khare, B., Ishira, T. and McKay, C.P., Experimental impact shock chemistry on planetary icy bodies, Icarus, 194, 822-835, 2008.

    D. Nna-Mvondo, Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay, Dale P. Cruikshank, Abiotic production of organics by hypervelocity micrometeorite impacts on the surfaces of icy satellites: laboratory simulation of microimpact shocks on ices, Astrobiology, 8(2), 370, 2008.

    Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay, Yasuhito Sekine, Patrick Wilhite, Dale P. Cruikshank, Lauren Tracy, Katherine Lanier, D. Nna-Mvondo, Tomoko Ishihara, Tholins under appropriate conditions can contribute towards the ingredients for the origin of life, Astrobiology, 8(2), 466, 2008.

    Martinez-Frias, J.and Nna-Mvondo, D., Stardust’s hydrazine (N2H4) fuel: a potential contaminant for the formation of titanium nitride (osbornite), Energy & Fuels, 21, 1822-1823, 2007.

    Nna-Mvondo, D.and Martinez-Frias, J., Komatiites: from Earth’s geological settings to planetary and astrobiological contexts, Earth, Moon, and Planets, 100, 157-179, 2007.

    Nna-Mvondo, D., Khare, B.N., Ishihara, T., and McKay, C.P., Chemical production by pulse-laser irradiation on ices: simulation of impact shock-induced chemistry on icy satellites, Astrobiology, 7(3), 525, 2007.

    Nna-Mvondo, D., Khare, B.N., Ishihara, T., and McKay, C.P., Cruikshank, D.P., Borucki, W.J., Chemical production by pulse-laser irradiation on ices: simulation of impact shock-induced chemistry on icy satellites, Bull. of the American Astronomical Society, 39, 490, 2007.

    Khare, B.N., McKay, C.P., Sekine, Y., Wilhite, P., Cruikshank, D.P., Ishihara, T., Nna Mvondo, D., The role of tholin in the atmospheric and surface chemistry on Titan, Bull. of the American Astronomical Society, 39, 543, 2007.

    Nna-Mvondo, D.,and Martinez-Frías, J., Komatiitic volcanoes as a possible source for abiotic chemistry on early Earth and early Mars, Astrobiology, 6(1), 182, 2006.

    Nna-Mvondo, D., Navarro-González, R., Raulin, F., Coll, P., Nitrogen fixation by corona discharge in the early precambrian Earth, Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere, 35, 401-409, 2005.

    Khare, B., Wilhite, P., Tran, B., Teixeira, E., Fresquez, K., Nna Mvondo, D., Bauschlicher, C., Meyyappan, M., Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes via Nitrogen Glow Discharge, Journal of Physical Chemistry, 109, 23466-23472, 2005.

    Nna Mvondo, D., Khare, B.N., McKay, C.P., Chemistry induced by simulated impact shocks on Ices: Application to icy satellites, Astrobiology, 5(2), 314, 2005.

    Khare, B.N., Nna Mvondo, D., Borucki, J.G., Cruikshank, D.P., Belisle, W.A., Wilhite, P., McKay, C.P., Impact driven chemistry on Europa’s surface,Bull. of the American Astronomical Society, 37, 753, 2005.

    Navarro-González, R., McKay, C.P., and Nna Mvondo, D., A Possible nitrogen crisis for Archaean life due to reduced nitrogen fixation by lightning, Nature, 412, 61-64, 2001.

    Nna Mvondo, D., Navarro-González, R., McKay, C.P., Coll, P., and Raulin, F., Production of nitrogen oxides by lightning and coronae discharges in simulated early Earth, Venus and Mars environments, Advances in Space Research, 27, 2, 217-223, 2001.

    Calva-Alejo, L, Nna Mvondo, D., McKay, CP, Navarro-Gonzalez. Evidence of a nitrogen deficiency as a selective pressure towards the origin of biological nitrogen fixation in the early Earth, in: Astrobiology: Origins from the Big-Bang to Civilisation, Chela-Flores, J.; Lemarchand, Guillermo A.; Oró, John (Eds.), Kluwer Academic Publ., Dordrecht, Netherlands, p. 283, 2000.

    Navarro-Gonzalez, R, McKay, CP, Calva-Alejo, L, Nna Mvondo, D., Nitrogen fixation by lightning on early Earth and Mars, Abstracts of papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 219, Part 1, p. U695, 2000.

    Raulin, F., Coll, P., Cottin, H., Smith, N., Vuitton, V., Ramirez-Jimenez, S., Navarro-González, R., Nna Mvondo, D., Benilan, Y., Guillemin, J.C., Gazeau, M.C.,Some bioastronomical aspects of the Giant Planets and Titan, A New Era in Bioastronomy, ASP Conference Series, Vol. 213, 2000.

     

    FUNDED RESEARCH PROJECTS (6)

     

    - Project:Laboratory study of chemistry induced by meteoritic impact processes on Titan and other icy satelites

    Funding entity: MICINN (Spanish Minister of Sciences and Innovation) - Subprogram AYA Astronomy and Astrophysics

    Duration: 2 years (2009-2011)

    Ref. Project: AYA2009-09288

    PI: D. Nna Mvondo (Centro de Astrobiologia, CSIC-INTA, Torrejon de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain)

     

    - Project:Experimental and theoretical models on the abiotic emergente of chirality and its detection as the fingerprint of evolutive systems in extraterrestrial materials

    Funding entity: MICINN (Spanish Minister of Sciences and Innovation) - Subprogram AYA Astronomy and Astrophysic

    Duration: 3 years (2009-2012)

    Ref. Project: AYA2009-13920-C02-01

    PI: David Hochberg (Centro de Astrobiologia, CSIC-INTA, Torrejon de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain)

     

    - Project:Remnants of Solar System Formation: Multi-wavelength Study and Laboratory Simulation

    Funding entities: CSIC (Spanish Superior Council of Scientific Research) and National Science Council (NSC) of Taiwan – Joint Program FORMOSA, Collaboration Spain-Taiwan.

    Duration: 2 years (2010-2012)

    Ref. Project: 2009TW0012

    PI: Rene Duffard (Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, Granada, Spain)

     

    - Project: Icy Body Chemistry Driven by Impact-Induced Electrical Discharge

    Funding entity: NASA (Outer Planets Research Program NNZSS001N-OPR)

    Duration: 2003 - 2005

    PI: Dale P. Cruikshank (NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA)

     

    - Project: Raman Spectroscopy of Early Earth and Planetary Tholins: Instrument upgrade

    Funding entity: NASA (Exobiology Research Program EXB04-0000-0116)

    Duration: 2004 - 2005

    PI: Bishun N. Khare (NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA)

     

    - Project: Laboratory Simulated shock síntesis of Organics on Titan and Icy Moons

    Funding entity: NRC (The National Research Council) of the National Academies of United States)

    Duration: 2003 - 2005

    PI: D. Nna Mvondo (NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA)

     

     

    CONFERENCES participation (40)

     

    ·DPS (Division for Planetary Sciences) - EPSC (European Planetary Science Congress) Joint Meeting, Nantes, France, October, 2-7, 2011.

    Investigating in laboratory on the impact-induced chemistry and the fate of tholins in Titan surface (Poster)

    Nna-Mvondo, D.; Khare, B. N.; McKay, C. P.; Juha, L.; Navarro-González, R.; Ruiz-Bermejo, M.

     

    ·AOGS 2011 (Asia Oceania Geosciences Society), Taipei, Taiwan, August, 8-12, 2011.

    An investigation of the Chemistry in Methane-Ethane Lakes of Titan: Possible Astrobiological Implications? (Invited talk)

    Bishun N. Khare, C. P. McKay, S. McPherson, M. Carter, M. Khare, P. Wilhite, S. Jagota, D. Cruikshank, D. Nna-Mvondo, Y. Sekine, J. Kawai

     

     

    ·Origins 2011 ISSOL Bioastronomy Joint International Conference, Montpellier, France, July, 3-8, 2011.

    Study of meteoritic impact-induced chemistry in Titan icy surface using laser thermal shock laboratory experiments (Poster awarded Best Poster)

    D. Nna-Mvondo, Bishun Khare and Christopher P. McKay, Libor Juha, Rafael Navarro-González, Marta Ruiz-Bermejo

     

    ·DPS (Division for Planetary Sciences) 42nd Annual Meeting, Pasadena, CA, USA, October, 3-8, 2010.

    Astrobiological Implications of Titan Tholin in Methane Lakes (Poster)

    Bishun N. Khare, C. P. McKay, S. McPherson, D. Cruikshank, D. Nna-Mvondo, Y. Sekine

     

    ·38th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Bremen, Germany, July, 18-25, 2010.

    Laboratory Study Of Titan Surface Chemistry Induced by Meteoritic Impact and the Fate of Tholins on the Surface (Oral)

    Nna Mvondo, D.; Khare, Bishun; McKay, Chris

     

    ·AOGS 2010 (Asia Oceania Geosciences Society), Hyderabad, India, July, 5-9, 2010.

    Reactivity of Laboratory Titan Tholins with Ice under Laser-Simulated Meteoritic Impact (Invited talk)

    D. Nna-Mvondo, B.N. Khare, C. P. McKay, M. Ruiz-Bermejo

     

    ·Abscicon 2010 (Astrobiology Science Conference), League City, Texas, USA, April, 26-29, 2010

    1) Experimental Study of the Reactivity of Tholins and Titan Surface Chemistry Triggered by Meteoritic Impact (Poster)

    Nna-Mvondo D., Khare B. N., McKay C. P., Navarro-González R., Juha L., Ruiz-Bermejo M.

    2) Interaction of Laboratory Tholin with Liquids Present in, and on, the Moons of the Outer Solar System (Invited talk)

    Khare B. N., McKay C. P. Burkhard C., Jagota S., McPherson S., Nna-Mvondo D.

     

    ·DPS (Division for Planetary Sciences)41st Annual Meeting, Fajardo, Puerto Rico, USA, October, 4-9, 2009.

    1) Examination of DISR Reflectivity with Titan Tholins Made in the Laboratory(Oral)

    Scott McPherson, M. Nguyen, S. Wells-Rutherford, F. Suthar, B. Khare, C. McKay, D. Cruikshank, D. Nna-Mvondo

    2)Quantitative Measurements of the Contribution of Titan Tholin to the Mixing Ratio of Methane in Titan’s Atmosphere (Oral)

    Bishun N. Khare, S. Wells-Rutherford, S. McPherson, Y. Sekine, P. Wilhite, C. McKay, D. Cruikshank, D. Nna-Mvondo

     

    ·1st Spanish Workshop on the Solar System Exploration, Salobreña, Granada, Spain, June, 4-5, 2009.

    Study of the chemisty on Titan surface induced by impact processes: Experiments of laser ablation of ices and tholins (Oral)

    D. Nna-Mvondo

     

    ·40th LPSC(Lunar and Planetary Science Conference), The Woodlands, TX, USA, March, 23 - 27 2009.

    Experimental Simulation of Chemistry Induced by Hypervelocity Impacts on Icy Moons Surfaces: Laser-induced Shocks in Ices (Oral)

    Nna-Mvondo, D., Khare, B. N.; McKay, C. P.

     

    ·AGU (American Geophysical Union) Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, USA, December, 15 – 19, 2008.

    Laboratory Study of Titan's Surface Chemistry Induced by Meteoritic Impact Processing: Laser-Simulated Hypervelocity Impact on Ices (Poster)

    Nna-Mvondo, D.; Khare, B. N.; McKay, C.P.

     

    ·15th International Conference on the Origin of Life (ISSOL'08), Florence, Italy, August, 24-29, 2008.

    1) Prebiotic molecules derived from Tholins (Oral)

    Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay, Dale P. Cruikshank, Yasuhito Sekine, Patrick Wilhite, Tomoko Ishihara, Lauren Tracy, Katherine Lanier, D. Nna-Mvondo.

    2)Laboratory Study of Titan’s Surface Chemistry Induced by Meteoritic Impact Processing: Laser-Simulated Hypervelocity Impact on ices (Poster)

    D. Nna-Mvondo, Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay.

     

    ·Abscicon 2008 (Astrobiology Science Conference), Santa Clara, CA, USA, April, 14-17, 2008.

    1) Abiotic productionof organics by hypervelocity micrometeorite impacts on the surfaces of icy satellites: laboratory simulation of microimpact shocks on ices (Oral)

    D. Nna-Mvondo, Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay, Dale P. Cruikshank.

    2) Tholins under appropriate conditions can contribute towards the ingredients for the origin of life (Oral)

    Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay, Yasuhito Sekine, Patrick Wilhite, Dale P. Cruikshank, Lauren Tracy, Katherine Lanier, D. Nna-Mvondo, Tomoko Ishihara.

     

    ·IAU Symposium 251 (Orgnaic Matter in Space), Hong Kong, China, February, 18 – 22, 2008.

    Laser ablation of ices for simulating chemical synthesis by meteoritic impact shock on icy surfaces (Poster)

    D. Nna-Mvondo, Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay, Dale P. Cruikshank.

     

    ·DPS (Division for Planetary Sciences) 39th Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, USA, October, 7 – 12, 2007.

    1) Chemical production by pulse-laser irradiation on ices: simulation of impact shock-induced chemistry on icy satellites (Poster)

    D. Nna-Mvondo, Bishun N. Khare, Tomoko Ishihara, Christopher P. McKay, Dale P. Cruikshank, William B. Borucki.

    2) The role of tholins in the atmospheric and surface chemistry on Titan (Oral)

    Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay, Yasuhito Sekine, Patrick Wilhite, Dale P. Cruikshank, Tomoko Ishihara, D. Nna-Mvondo.

     

    ·BIOASTRONOMY 2007 Molecules, Microbes and Extraterrestrial Life, San Juan, Puerto Rico, July, 16 – 20, 2007.

    Chemical production by pulse-laser irradiation on ices: simulation of impactshock-induced chemistry on icy satellites (Poster)

    D. Nna-Mvondo, Bishun N. Khare, Tomoko Ishihara and Christopher P. McKay.

     

    ·EGU (European Geosciences Union) General Assembly 2007, Vienna, Austria, April, 15 – 20, 2007.

    Near- and mid-infrared reflectance spectroscopy of komatiites (Poster)

    D. Nna-Mvondoand Jesús Martínez-Frías.

     

    ·AGU (American Geophysical Union) Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, USA, December, 11 – 15, 2006.

    Laboratory simulated impact shock on ices relevant to planetary icy bodies (Poster)

    D. Nna-Mvondo, Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay, Tomoko Ishira.

     

    ·Lockne 2006 Workshop on impact craters as indicators for planetary environmental evolution and astrobiology, Östersund, Sweden, June, 8 – 14, 2006.

    Chemistry induced by laboratory simulated impact shocks on ices relevant to icy satellites(Oral)

    D. Nna-Mvondo, Bishun Khare and Christopher McKay.

     

    ·GAC-MAC (Geophysical Mineralogical Associations of Canada), Montréal, Canada, May, 14 – 17, 2006.

    Komatiites and metallogeny on early Earth: Implications for astrobiology (Oral)

    D. Nna-Mvondoand Jesús Martinez-Frías.

     

    ·EGU (European Geosciences Union) General Assembly 2006, Vienna, Austria, April, 2 – 7, 2006.

    Komatiitic volcanoes as possible suitable sites for abiotic chemistry and biological processes on early earth (Poster)

    D. Nna-Mvondoand Jesús Martínez-Frías.

     

    ·Abscicon 2006 (Astrobiology Science Conference), Washington DC, USA, March, 26-30, 2006.

    Komatiitic volcanoes as a possible source for abiotic chemistry on early Earth and early Mars (Poster)

    D. Nna-Mvondoand Jesús Martinez-Frías.

     

    ·AGU (American Geophysical Union), Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, USA, December,, 5-9, 2005.

    Volcanic source for abiotic organics/inorganics on early Earth and Mars (Poster)

    D. Nna-Mvondoand Jesús Martínez Frías.

     

    ·DPS (Division for Planetary Sciences) 37th Annual Meeting, Cambridge, UK, September, 4 – 9, 2005.

    Impact driven chemistry on Europa surface (Oral)

    Bishun N. Khare, D. Nna-Mvondo, Jerry G. Borucki, , Dale P. Cruikshank, Warren A. Belisle, Patrick Wilhite, Christopher P. McKay.

     

    ·14th International Conference on the Origin of Life (ISSOL'05), Beijing, China, June, 19-24, 2005.

    Chemistry induced by laboratory simulated impact shocks on Ices relevant to Europa and other icy satellites (Poster)

    D. Nna Mvondo, Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay.

     

    ·NAI 2005, Biennial Meeting of the NASA Astrobiology Institute, Boulder, CO, USA, April, 10-14, 2005.

    Chemistry induced by simulated impact shocks on Ices: Application to icy satellites (Poster)

    D. Nna Mvondo, Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay.

     

    ·35rd COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Paris, France, July, 18-25, 2004.

    1) Laboratory Simulations of Impacts Shocks on icy surfaces: Application to Europa (Poster)

    D. Nna Mvondo, Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay

    2) Impact Driven Chemistry on Europa’s Surface (Poster)

    Patrick Wilhite, Bishun N. Khare, Jerome G. Borucki, Dale P. Cruikshank, Warren A Belisle, D. Nna Mvondo, William J. Borucki, and Christopher P. McKay.

     

    ·8th International Conference of Bioastronomy, Reykjavik, Iceland, July, 12-16, 2004.

    Impact Driven Chemistry on Europe’s Surface (Oral)

    Bishun N. Khare, Jerome G. Borucki, Dale P. Cruikshank Warren A Belisle, D. Nna Mvondo, William J. Borucki, Farid Salama, Patrick Wilhite, and Christopher P. McKay.

     

    ·EGS - AGU - EUG Joint Assembly, Nice, France, April, 6 – 11, 2003.

    Nitrogen Fixation Rate by Llightning during the Evolution of the Atmosphere

    Navarro-Gonzalez, R., McKay, C., Nna Mvondo, D., Coll, P., Raulin, F.

     

    ·34th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Houston, TX, USA, October, 10-19, 2002.

    1) An Inventory of the Endogenous and Exogenous sources of Fixed Nitrogen for the Early Earth and Mars

    Navarro-Gonzalez, R., Segura, A., Nna Mvondo, D., McKay, C., Coll, P., Raulin, F.

    2) Endogenous sources: atmospheric organic synthesis, tholins and ground trust

    Raulin, F., Bernard, J., Coll, P., Nna Mvondo, D., Ramirez, S., Navarro-Gonzalez, R.

     

    ·10th ISSOL Meeting and 13th International Conference on the Origin of Life, Oaxaca, Mexico, June 30 – July 5, 2002.

    Atmospheric Nitrogen Fixation Rate by Lightning and Coronae Discharges over the Earth’s Geologic History (Poster)

    Nna Mvondo, D., Navarro-González, R., Raulin, F, Coll, P., McKay, C.P.

     

    ·2nd Astrobiology Science Conference, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA, April, 7-11, 2002.

    1) Nitrogen Fixation by Coronae Processes in the Atmosphere over the Earth’s Geologic History (Poster)

    Nna Mvondo, D., Navarro-González, R., Raulin, F, Coll, P.

    2) Variation of the Nitrogen Fixation Rate by Lightning during the Evolution of the Atmosphere (Oral)

    Navarro-González, R., Nna Mvondo, D., McKay, C.P., Coll, P., Raulin, F.

     

    ·AGU, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, USA, December, 10-14, 2001.

    1) Atmospheric Nitrogen Fixation by Simulated Corona Discharge in the Early Precambrian Earth (Poster)

    Nna Mvondo, D., Navarro-González, R., Raulin, F, Coll, P.

    2) The Nitrogen Crisis for Archean Life due to reduced Nitrogen Fixation by Lightning

    Navarro-González, R., McKay, C.P., Nna Mvondo, D.

     

    ·European Geophysical Society (EGS) Meeting, 26th General Assembly, Nice, France, March, 26-30, 2001.

    Variation of the Nitrogen Fixation Rate by Lightning during the Evolution of the Atmosphere (Poster)

    Navarro-González, R., McKay, C.P., Nna Mvondo, D., Coll, P., and Raulin, F.

     

    ·33rd COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Warsaw, Poland, July, 16-23, 2000.

    1) Atmospheric Nitrogen Fixation in The Solar System (Oral)

    Nna Mvondo, D., Navarro-González, R., Coll, P., Raulin, F.

    2) Evidence of a Severe Shortage of Reactive Nitrogen in the Early History of the Biosphere. Possible Cause for the Development of Biological Nitrogen Fixation (Oral)

    Navarro-González, R., Mc Kay, C.P., Nna Mvondo, D., Calva-Alejo, L.

     

    ·European Geophysical Society (EGS) Meeting, 25th General Assembly, Nice, France, April, 25-30, 2000.

    Titan’s Chemistry and Some Exobiological Aspects of The Huygens Probe of The Cassini-Huygens Mission (Oral)

    Raulin, F., Coll, P., Navarro-González, R., Ramirez, S.I., Nna Mvondo, D., Gazeau, M.C., Vuitton, V, Sternberg, R., Benilan, Y.

     

    ·First Astrobiology Conference, NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA, April, 3-5, 2000.

    Nitrogen Fixation by Lightning on Early Earth (Oral)

    Navarro-González, R., McKay, C.P., Calva-Alejo, L., and Nna Mvondo, D.

     

    ·219th American Chemical Society (ACS), Spring 2000 meeting, San Francisco, CA, USA, March, 26-30, 2000.

    Nitrogen Fixation by Lightning on Early Earth and Mars (Oral)

    Navarro-González, R., Mc Kay, C.P., Calva-Alejo, L., Nna Mvondo, D.

     

    ·Reunión Académica del Programa de Posgrado en Ciencias Químicas, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico, March, 2-3, 2000.

    Fijación Atmosférica del Nitrógeno en el sistema Solar (Oral)

    Nna Mvondo, D., Navarro-González, R.

     

    ·ICTP/ICGEB Ibero-American School of Astrobiology (IASA): Origins from the Big-Bang to Civilisation, Caracas, Venezuela, November 29 - December 8, 1999.

    Evidence of a Nitrogen Deficiency as a Possible Selective Pressure towards the Origin of Biological Nitrogen Fixation in the Early Earth (Poster)

    Calva-Alejo, L., Nna Mvondo, D., Mc Kay, C.P., and Navarro-González, R.

     

    ·6thBioastronomy meeting, Kohala Coast Hawai, USA, August, 2-6, 1999.

    Some Bioastronomical Aspects of the Giant Planets and Titan (Oral)

    Raulin, F., Coll, P., Cottin, H., Smith, N., Vuitton, V., Ramirez-Jimenez, S., Navarro-González, R., Nna Mvondo, D., Benilan, Y., Guillemin, J.C., Gazeau, M.C.

     

     

     

    SEMINARS AS INVITED SPEAKER  

     

    ·The Open University, Physics & Astronomy Department, faculty of Science, Milton Keynes, Reino Unido, 10 de julio de 2008

    Abiotic production of organics by hypervelocity micrometeorite impacts on the surface of icy satellites

    D. Nna Mvondo

     

    ·Institute of Physics of the Academies of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic,September 19th, 2007

    LIP as experimental tool for simulating in laboratory the chemical synthesis by lightning and by meteoritic impacts in the astrobiological context

    D. Nna Mvondo

     

    ·Centro de Astrobiología, Torrejón de Ardoz, Spain, June 26th, 2007

    Komatiite: a primitive volcanic rock for astrobiological studies

    D. Nna Mvondo

     

    ·Centro de Astrobiología, Torrejón de Ardoz, Spain, October 13th, 2004.

    Simulation of Impacts Shocks in the Icy surface of Europa

    D. Nna Mvondo, Bishun N. Khare, Christopher P. McKay.

     

     

    OTHER ACHIEVEMENTS

     

    PARTICIPATION IN SPACE MISSIONS

    Scientific Member of the ESA-NASA TANDEM (Titan and Enceladus Mission) / TSSM (Titan / Saturnian System), candidate mission for the ESA Cosmic Vision 2015-2025– Working Group C4- Astrobiology. PI: Athena Coustenis.

    Publication:Coustenis A. et al. (TANDEM team), Tandem: Titan and Enceladus Mission, Experimental Astronomy, 23, 893-946, 2009.

     

     

    INTERNATIONAL PRIZES/AWARDS

    - NASA Safety Award (2005): NASA Ames Research Center in recognition of the work realised in the laboratory regarding safety

     

    - Best Poster Award (2011): Origins 2011 Conference, ISSOL (The International Astrobiology Society) and BioastronomyIAU C51 (International Astronomical Union, Commission 51) Joint International Conference, Session Past and Present Solar System.

     

     

    REVIEWER OF ARTICLES IN MY AREA FOR PUBLICATION IN SCI JOURNALS

    Svatopluk Civis, Martin Ferus, Petr Kubelík. Laser Spark and UV Formamide Decomposition Studied Based on FT-IR Spectroscopy. Submitted to The Journal of Physical Chemistry (June 2011)

    Ryo Ishimaru, Hiroki Senshu, Seiji Sugita, Takafumi Matsui. A hydrocode calculation coupled with reaction kinetics of carbon compounds within an impact vapor plume and its implications for cometary impactson Galilean satellites. Icarus 210 (2010) 411–423.

    David P. Summers, Ranor C. B. Basa, Bishun Khare and David Rodoni. Nitrogen Fixation on Terrestrial Planets. Reduction of NO to Ammonia by FeS. Submitted to Astrobiology (2010) and resubmitted in 2011.

    David P. Summers, Bishun Khare. Nitrogen Fixation on Early Mars and Other Terrestrial Planets: Experimental Demonstration of Abiotic Fixation Reactions to Nitrite and Nitrate. Astrobiology 7(2) (2007) 333-341.

    Svatopluk Civis, Dagmar Babánková, Jaroslav Cihelka, Petr Sazama and Libor Juha. Spectroscopic Investigations of High-Power Laser-Induced Dielectric Breakdown in Gas Mixtures Containing Carbon Monoxide. Journal of Physical. Chemistry A 112 (31)(2008) 7162–7169.

     

     

    REVIEWER OF RESEARCH PROJECT GRANTS FROM FOREIGN FUNDING PROGRAM

    1- Project title: Impact generation of organics

    PI: Pr. Mark Burchell (University of Kent, School of Physical Science, Kent, UK)

    Funding entity: Leverhulme Trust, London, UK. (2009)

    2- Project Title : Constraining Titan's Surface Chemistry: Laboratory Simulations using the Huygens Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer

    PI: Trainer Melissa (NASA/GODDARD Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA)

    Funding entity and Program: NASA - NASA’s Cassini Data Analysis Program, NASA’s Research Announcement NNH09ZDA001N, Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences (ROSES-2009), USA. (2009)

    3- Project Title : Mechanistic Studies of Polyyne and Cyanopolyyne Formation on Titan for the Interpretation of Cassini Atmospheric Composition Measurements

    PI: Stanley Sander (California Institute of Technology CALTECH –JPL, Pasadena, CA, USA)

    Funding entity and Program: NASA - NASA’s Cassini Data Analysis Program, NASA’s Research Announcement NNH09ZDA001N, Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences (ROSES-2009), USA. (2009)

     

     

    ORGANIZATION OF SEMINARS AND COLOQUIM

    2009-2011      Full-time member of the Seminar Organizing Committee of the Centro de Astrobiología (CAB), Madrid, Spain

    October 2010Organizing member of the Young Researcher Seminars workshop at Centro de Astrobiología (CAB)

    July 2010        Co-Convener of the session PS03-09-14 - Laboratory Planetary Sciences, Ice, Tholins, and Astrobiology in AOGS Conference (Asia Oceania Geosciences Society Conference)

     

     

    MEMBERSHIP TO STEERING COMMITTEES OR PROGRAMME COMMITTEES

    1          COSPAR Committee on Space Research, Scientist Associate in Commission B and F, 2010, 2004, 2002, 2000

    2          AGU American Geophysical Union, Scientist Member in Planetary Sciences, USA, 2010, 2008, 2006, 2005

      3          GAC-MAC Mineralogical Association of Canada, Scientist Member, Canada, 2006

     

     

     

    START-UP OF NEW TECHNIQUES, PROCEDURES AND COMPLEX EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE

    I have set up alone during two years the entire “Plasma/laser microimpact” new facility at CAB.The facility integrates a high-performance 4-wavelengths 1064, 532, 355 and 266 nm high energy Nd-YAG laser system coupled to a specific optical assembly for simulation of meteoritic impact shocks, a vacuum simulation chamber and high vacuum line which I have all totally designed. I have also elaborated the new experimental methodology and procedure to carry laboratory simulations of chemistry induced by meteoritic impacts using the laser ablation technique (this new technique was presented and described in Nna-Mvondo et al., 2008, Icarus 194, 822-835).

    I am currently the research scientist in charge of this “Plasma/laser microimpact” facility at CAB.

     

     

    STUDENTS SUPERVISED

    Supervisor of a graduate fellow

    Title of the fellowship: Estudio de las transformaciones químicas inducidas por impacto de meteoritos en superficies planetarias del Sistema Solar usando la ablación láser en hielos, meteoritos y otro material  planetario

    Student: Graduate student in Chemistry (Universidad de Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain)

    Years: 01/09/2010 to 01/09/2012

    Institute: Centro de Astrobiología (CAB) – Instituto de Técnica Aeroespacial (INTA), Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain


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