Latest Space News
Thu, 28 Jul 2016 23:00:00 +0100
Space Systems Loral (SSL), a leading provider of innovative satellites and spacecraft systems, today announced that it was selected to provide two high power satellites to SiriusXM , the world's largest radio company measured by revenue. The next generation satellites, SXM-7 and SXM-8, will replace the XM-3 and XM-4 satellites in 2019 and 2020, respectively, and will help ensure continuous and reliable delivery of SiriusXM's audio entertainment and data services to more than 30.6 million subscr...
Thu, 28 Jul 2016 22:24:00 +0100
After a more than 250-mile road trip in a cleanroom-on-wheels, Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) delivered DigitalGlobe's (NYSE: DGI) WorldView-4 satellite to Vandenberg Air Force Base. The Lockheed Martin-built WorldView-4 was transported by truck in a special container that mimics the environment of the cleanroom where the satellite was manufactured. The route is planned by a vehicle outfitted with LIDAR technology that can detect low overpasses, branches and other hazards. Before shipping, th...
Thu, 28 Jul 2016 17:30:00 +0100
Detailed analysis of data collected by Rosetta show that comets are the ancient leftovers of early Solar System formation, and not younger fragments resulting from subsequent collisions between other, larger bodies. Understanding how and when objects like Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko took shape is of utmost importance in determining how exactly they can be used to interpret the formation and early evolution of our Solar System. A new study addressing this question led by Bjorn Davidsson...
Thu, 28 Jul 2016 17:27:00 +0100
A United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket carrying a payload for the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) lifted off from Space Launch Complex-41 July 28 at 8:37 a.m. EDT. Designated NROL-61, the mission is in support of national defense. This is ULA's 6th launch in 2016 and the 109th successful launch since the company was formed in December 2006. "Thank you to the entire mission team for years of hard work and collaboration on today's successful launch of NROL-61. We are proud the U.S. ...
Thu, 28 Jul 2016 09:12:00 +0100
Following a lengthy firing of its powerful engine this morning, ESA's ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter is on track to arrive at the Red Planet in October. ExoMars made its first critical manoeuvre since its 14 March launch this morning, firing its engine for 52 minutes to help it intercept Mars on 19 October. ExoMars, a joint mission with Russia's Roscosmos, was launched on 14 March and has already travelled well over half way of its nearly 500 million km journey. The ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter...
Thu, 28 Jul 2016 08:59:00 +0100
New NASA-funded research suggests that Jupiter’s Great Red Spot may be the mysterious heat source behind Jupiter’s surprisingly high upper atmospheric temperatures. Here on Earth, sunlight heats the atmosphere at altitudes well above the surface—for example, at 250 miles above our planet where the International Space Station orbits. Scientists have been stumped as to why temperatures in Jupiter’s upper atmosphere are comparable to those found at Earth, yet Jupiter is...
Thu, 28 Jul 2016 08:11:00 +0100
As the search for life on distant planets heats up, NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) is bringing this hunt closer to home. Launching in 2017-2018, TESS will identify planets orbiting the brightest stars just outside our solar system using what’s known as the transit method. When a planet passes in front of, or transits, its parent star, it blocks some of the star's light. TESS searches for these telltale dips in brightness, which can reveal the planet'...
Wed, 27 Jul 2016 19:00:00 +0100
Astronomers using ESO's Very Large Telescope, along with other telescopes on the ground and in space, have discovered a new type of exotic binary star. In the system AR Scorpii a rapidly spinning white dwarf star powers electrons up to almost the speed of light. These high energy particles release blasts of radiation that lash the companion red dwarf star, and cause the entire system to pulse dramatically every 1.97 minutes with radiation ranging from the ultraviolet to radio. The research will ...
Tue, 26 Jul 2016 16:00:00 +0100
HawkEye 360, Inc., a subsidiary of Allied Minds (LSE: ALM), and Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) are collaborating to apply HawkEye 360's radio frequency (RF) detection and mapping technology in new markets. HawkEye 360 plans to deploy a constellation of small satellites in low-Earth orbit at less than 600 km (383 miles) from the Earth's surface, to identify, locate and analyze RF signals globally. Pending various regulatory approvals of this system and its capabilities, Lockheed Martin and HawkE...
Tue, 26 Jul 2016 15:00:00 +0100
Space Systems Loral (SSL), a leading provider of innovative satellites and spacecraft systems, today announced that the Intelsat 36 satellite, designed and built for Intelsat S.A (NYSE: I), operator of the world's first Globalized Network, powered by its leading satellite backbone, has arrived at the European Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana , where it will be launched aboard an Ariane 5 launch vehicle by Arianespace . The satellite will be used to provide media and content distribution serv...
Mon, 25 Jul 2016 14:18:00 +0100
Our RAD750 single-board computer helped the Juno spacecraft travel 2 billion miles to study our biggest planetary neighbor. With a magnetic field 20,000 times stronger than that of Earth, Jupiter presents a hostile environment for any nearby satellite electronics. Despite the challenging conditions, on July 4, 2016, NASA's Juno satellite established orbit around the massive gas giant to study its structure and evolution, thanks in part to our radiation-hardened RAD750(r) single-board computer...
Mon, 25 Jul 2016 10:35:00 +0100
The protective shipping container with Intelsat 33e is unloaded from a chartered An-124 jetliner at Félix Eboué Airport, which was followed by the satellite’s transfer by road to the Spaceport. One of two Intelsat satellites that will be orbited on Arianespace’s next Ariane 5 mission has been delivered to the Spaceport, advancing pre-launch activities for this August 24 heavy-lift flight to the payload preparation phase. Intelsat 33e “touched down” i...
Fri, 22 Jul 2016 08:29:00 +0100
A new understanding of our galaxy's structure began in an unlikely way: on Twitter. A research effort sparked by tweets led scientists to confirm that the Milky Way’s central bulge of stars forms an “X” shape. The newly published study uses data from NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) mission. The unconventional collaboration started in May 2015 when Dustin Lang, an astronomer at the Dunlap Institute of the University of Toronto, posted galaxy maps t...
Fri, 22 Jul 2016 08:19:00 +0100
Cobham will provide motion control technology for the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) instrument to be flown on the Joint Polar Satellite System 3 (JPSS-3) and 4 (JPSS-4) satellites. Hauppauge, NY - Cobham recently received an award from Northrop Grumman valued at approximately $8 million for motion control technology for the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) instrument to be flown on the Joint Polar Satellite System 3 (JPSS-3) and 4 (JPSS-4) satellites. The work will ...
Thu, 21 Jul 2016 15:00:00 +0100
Space Systems Loral (SSL), a leading provider of innovative satellites and spacecraft systems, today announced it has received $20.7 million from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to design and build robotic arm flight hardware for the first phase of the agency's Robotic Servicing of Geosynchronous Satellites (RSGS) program. SSL is receiving the funds through MDA US Systems, a division of MDA managed by SSL, and is working with the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), which ...
Wed, 20 Jul 2016 22:24:00 +0100
NASA is joining with Baylor College of Medicine in Houston to operate a new institute charged with researching and developing innovative approaches to reduce risks to humans on long-duration exploration missions, including NASA's Journey to Mars. Work under the Translational Research Institute Cooperative Agreement, overseen by NASA's Human Research Program, begins Oct. 1. Translational research is an interdisciplinary model of research that focuses on translating fundamental research co...
Wed, 20 Jul 2016 19:08:00 +0100
Using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have conducted the first search for atmospheres around temperate, Earth-sized planets beyond our solar system and found indications that increase the chances of habitability on two exoplanets. Specifically, they discovered that the exoplanets TRAPPIST-1b and TRAPPIST-1c, approximately 40 light-years away, are unlikely to have puffy, hydrogen-dominated atmospheres usually found on gaseous worlds. "The lack of a smothering hydrogen-helium enve...
Tue, 19 Jul 2016 13:58:00 +0100
Radiation is an invisible hazard of spaceflight, but a new monitoring system for ESA astronauts gives a realtime snapshot of their exposure. The results will guide researchers preparing for deep-space missions to come. A key element of the new system launched to orbit with Monday's Falcon 9 launch to the International Space Station, ensuring it is in place for ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet's November mission to the Station. As a general rule, radiation exposure increases with altitude - peo...
Tue, 19 Jul 2016 11:23:00 +0100
An international team of astronomers has discovered and confirmed a treasure trove of new worlds using NASA’s Kepler spacecraft on its K2 mission. Among the findings tallying 197 initial planet candidates, scientists have confirmed 104 planets outside our solar system. Among the confirmed is a planetary system comprising four promising planets that could be rocky. The planets, all between 20 and 50 percent larger than Earth by diameter, are orbiting the M dwarf star K2-72, found 181 l...
Mon, 18 Jul 2016 21:08:00 +0100
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) has awarded a contract to Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE:NOC) for one of several Next Mars Orbiter (NeMO) conceptual study efforts to develop concepts for a potential future orbiter. In the four-month study, the Northrop Grumman team is thoroughly evaluating a range of potential solutions using a variety of the company's production and heritage spacecraft platforms and designs. The study's focus is NeMO mission objectives and requirements, including ...
More space news...

Civil Agencies and International Organizations


Applied Physics Laboratory: The Space Department of the Applied Physics Laboratory (APL), a division of The Johns Hopkins University, as a preeminent university resource for space systems, defines and implements solutions to important problems in both the civilian and national security arenas through the development and application of space science, engineering, and technology. [APL jobs]
 
ASI: (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana) The Italian Space Agency is a government agency founded for the purpose of identifying, coordinating, and managing italian space programs.
 
AST: The FAA Associate Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation (AST)'s mission is to ensure protection of the public, property, and the national security and foreign policy interests of the United States during a commercial launch or re-entry activity and to encourage, facilitate, and promote U.S. commercial space transportation.
 
Arabsat: (Arab Satellite Communications Organization) ARABSAT since 1976 has been serving the satellite-based telecommunications, information, cultural, and educational needs of the member states of the Arab League. [Arabsat jobs]
 
Austrian Space Agency: The Austrian Space Agency, ASA, serves the Federal Ministry of Science and Transport as a service institution for the coordination of space activities in Austria.
 
Canadian Space Agency: The Canadian Space Agency is a departmental agency of the Government of Canada. The Canadian Space Agency is committed to leading the development and application of space knowledge for the benefit of Canadians and humanity. [CSA jobs]
 
Can't find your company in the Space Careers directory? Just drop us an email (info@space-careers.com) with the address of your corporate web page and we will list it in the the appropriate section of Space Careers for free. Sites must contain information relevant to the space industry.
 
CAST: Chinese Academy of Space Technology (CAST) is a primary research center and spacecraft development base for Chinese Space technology endeavour. To date the academy has successfully developed and launched 52 satellites of various kinds.
 
CCSDS: The Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) is an international organization of space agencies interested in mutually developing standard data handling techniques to support space research, including space science and applications, conducted exclusively for peaceful purposes.
 
Center for Space Studies: The Center for Space Studies (CEE) has operated the Satellite Tracking Station located in Santiago, providing telemetry, tracking and command support (TT&C) to more than 350 space missions. The Center for Space Studies also develops a national program that involves the use of satellite technology applied to research, and other needs of Chile.
 
Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales: French National Space Agency. Since 1960, CNES is responsible for the definition of the French space policy and for its implementation. (This site is in French). [CNES jobs]
 
CEOS: The Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) membership encompasses the world's government agencies responsible for civil Earth Observation (EO) satellite programs, along with agencies that receive and process data acquired remotely from space.
 
CONAE: The Argentine National Commission on Space Activities mandate includes the planning and implementation of all actions related to the peaceful applications of outer space and space knowledge, for which it has the exclusive use and control of national space activities.
 
Cospas-Sarsat: The Cospas-Sarsat international satellite system for search and rescue consists of a constellation of satellites in polar orbit and a network of ground receiving stations, which provide distress alert and location information to appropriate rescue authorities for maritime, aviation and land users in distress.
 
CRESTech: A consortium of academic researchers, industry leaders and government, The Centre for Research in Earth and Space Technology (CRESTech) is committed to bridging the gap between pure science and the successful application of science and technology in profitable new businesses.
 
David Florida Laboratory:  The David Florida Laboratory (DFL) is Canada's world-class national facility for spacecraft assembly, integration and test. It is maintained and operated by the Canadian Space Agency.
 
DLR: (German Aerospace Research Establishment) Three future-oriented fields of research form the key areas of DLR activities: aviation, space flight and energy technology. The DLR institutes develop new technologies, perform scientific investigations, test materials and equipment - mostly in cooperation: with industry and universities, with national and international partners. [DLR jobs]
 
Draper Laboratory: Draper Laboratory is recognized for its excellence in space guidance, navigation, and control for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. These roles encompass major responsibilities in NASA's manned space programs, including the Space Shuttle, Space Station, and other space systems and components for various defense and commercial unmanned space programs. [Draper Laboratory jobs]
 
EUMETSAT: EUMETSAT's primary objective is to establish, maintain and exploit European systems of operational meteorological satellites. EUMETSAT is responsible for the launch and operation of the satellites and for delivering satellite data to end users as well as contributing to the operational monitoring of climate and the detection of global climate change. [Eumetsat jobs]
 
European Space Agency: The European Space Agency (ESA) is an international organization composed of 14 Member States which aims to provide for and to promote, for exclusively peaceful purposes, cooperation among European States in space research and technology and their space applications, with a view to their being used for scientific purposes and operational space applications systems. [ESA jobs]
 
European Union Satellite Centre: The European Union Satellite Centre (EUSC) is an Agency of the Council of the European Union dedicated to the exploitation and production of information derived primarily from the analysis of earth observation space imagery in support of Union decision-making in the field of "second pillar", the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). [EUSC jobs]
 
Federal Communications Commission: The mission of this independent US government agency is to encourage competition in all communications markets and to protect the public interest. In response to direction from the Congress, the FCC develops and implements policy concerning interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable. [FCC jobs]
 
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics: The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA)'s mission is the study of the origin, evolution, and ultimate fate of the universe. More than 300 professional scientists, supported by some 500 technical, engineering, and administrative staff, pursue a broad range of research, organized by divisions. [CfA jobs]
 
IKI: As the leading organization of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the field of investigations of Outer Space, Solar System planets and other objects of the Universe, Space Research Institute (IKI) is primary in charge of long-range planning and elaboration of space research programs of which a considerable part is performed within the framework of international space research cooperation.
 
INPE: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (National Institute for Space Research) of the Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology.
 
Institute for Applied Space Research: The Institute for Applied Space Research is a chartered Institute of the School of Engineering and Applied Science of the George Washington University. IASR is dedicated to providing GWU with a center for research and development in the field of space communications.
 
INTA: INTA (Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial) is a public research institution dependant of the State Secretary of Defense. The Institute is dedicated to aerospace research and space science as well as to the technological development in other industrial areas. [INTA jobs]
 
International Space Science Institute: The International Space Science Institute (ISSI) in Bern has been established to further interdisciplinary studies and interpretation of the very complex experimental data which originate from multiexperiment satellites, already launched or due to be launched over the next several years by different space agencies.
 
Intersputnik: Intersputnik is an international intergovernmental organization established in 1971 to operate a global commercial satellite-based telecommunications system. Today, Intersputnik has 23 member nations and provides high-quality international, regional and national communication services in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean regions. Intersputnik's users are over 100 state-run and private telecommunications and broadcasting organisations world-wide.
 
IPAC: The Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC) exists to carry out large, data-intensive processing tasks of critical importance to NASA's infrared astronomy program, and to provide scientific expertise on those projects to the astronomical community.
 
ISAS: The Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS) is a central institute dedicated for space and astronautical science in Japan. It has been continuously conducting space science research by making the maximum use of its own flight capabilities and opportunities.
 
ISRO: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) executes its space programme through its establishments located in different places in India. The main objective of ISRO space programme includes development of satellites, launch vehicles, Sounding Rockets and supported ground systems. [ISRO jobs]
 
ITU: The International Telecommunication Union headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland is an international organization within which governments and the private sector coordinate global telecom networks and services. [ITU jobs]
 
JAXA: On October 1, 2003, ISAS, NAL and NASDA were merged into one independent administrative institution: the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). The consolidation of these three formerly independent organizations will allow a continuous and systematic approach to space exploration, from basic research to development and practical application. [JAXA jobs]
 
JPL: Managed for NASA by the California Institute of Technology, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory is the lead U.S. center for robotic exploration of the solar system. JPL spacecraft have visited all known planets except Pluto (a Pluto mission is currently under study for the early part of the next decade). In addition to its work for NASA, JPL conducts tasks for a variety of other US federal agencies. [JPL jobs]
 
KARI: The main research and development areas of the Korea Aerospace Research Institute(KARI) are largely classified into development of aircraft, artificial satellites and rockets. KARI also performs the quality assurance business for aircraft and space devices in accordance with delegation from the government.
 
LASP: The Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP) has been an active participant in the U.S. space program since the early 1950s. Members of LASP conduct fundamental research in the atmospheric and planetary sciences, develop space instrumentation, and create computer information systems for space operations. [LASP jobs]
 
MITRE: The MITRE Corporation is an independent, not-for-profit company that provides technical support to the US government. [MITRE jobs]
 
Mullard Space Science Laboratory: As the UK's largest University space physics institute, it includes professionally-staffed electronic, mechanical and software engineering groups and has designed and built instruments for more than 30 orbiting spacecraft and 200 sounding rockets. [MSSL jobs]
 
NASA: Home page of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Here you will find links to the various agency's field centers. [NASA jobs]
 
National Center for Microgravity Research: The National Center for Microgravity Research on Fluids and Combustion principal activities both at CWRU's Case School of Engineering and at NASA Glenn Research Center are fundamental research and technology development, science program outreach and development, scientific support to NASA principal investigators, technology transfer to industry, and public education initiatives. [NCMR jobs]
 
National Radio Astronomy Observatory: The National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) is a facility of the National Science Foundation, operated by Associated Universities, Inc., a nonprofit research organization. The NRAO provides state-of-the-art radio telescope facilities for use by the scientific community. [NRAO jobs]
 
Netherlands Space Office: The Netherlands Space Office acts as the Dutch agency for space affairs. The NSO is the face of the Dutch space community for international space organisations like ESA, NASA and JAXA as well as the central point of contact for the space community within the Netherlands.
 
NLR: The Dutch National Aerospace Laboratory (NLR) provides expert contributions to activities in aerospace and related fields. NLR independently renders services to government departments and international agencies, aerospace industries and aircraft and spacecraft operators. Customers include various organizations based in the Netherlands, in Europe and elsewhere. [NLR jobs]
 
NOAA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration home page. The NOAA Mission: To describe and predict changes in the Earth's environment, and conserve and manage wisely the Nation's coastal and marine resources to ensure sustainable economic opportunities. [NOAA jobs]
 
Norwegian Space Center: The Norwegian Space Centre is a foundation cooperating closely with the Ministry of Trade and Industry to support the development of Norwegian industry and for development and demonstration of space applications, and to optimize conditions for national space research.
 
Novespace: Novespace, a joint-stock venture created in 1986 by the French Space Agency (CNES), was formed with two objectives in mind: to disseminate space technologies to other industrial sectors and to promote microgravity as a valuable tool for scientific experimentation and research.
 
NSAU: The National Space Agency of Ukraine is in charge of the organization and development of space activities in Ukraine and under its jurisdiction abroad.
 
Ohio Aerospace Institute: The Ohio Aerospace Institute is a consortium of nine Ohio universities, NASA Lewis Research Center in Cleveland, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, and private companies. OAI's mission is to be a collaborative network of university, industry and government, focused on the creation, integration, application and communication of aerospace related knowledge and the commercialization of related technologies. [OAI jobs]
 
ONERA: ONERA is a scientific and technical public establishment managed according to industrial and commercial practice, placed under the supervision of the French Minister of Defense. Its mission is to develop and guide aerospace research; design, develop and implement the facilities it requires to conduct its research and testing; publish and promote the results of its research; and contribute to the education of engineers and scientists. [ONERA jobs]
 
PSRI: The Planetary Sciences Research Institute (PSRI) is dedicated to the development of high sensitivity, high precision, stable isotope instrumentation and methodology for laboratory and space projects, and the application of those methods to studies of extraterrestrial samples, diamonds, environmental and ecological problems. [PSRI jobs]
 
ROSA: Established in 1991 by the Romanian Government, ROSA (Romanian Space Agency) is an independent public institution. ROSA is authorized to establish research and development centres oriented on specific objectives of the Romanian Space Programme.
 
Russian Federal Space Agency: The Russian Space Agency (RSA) was created on February 25,1992 by Decree issued by the President of the Russian Federation. RSA is the federal body of executive authority which defines implementation of state policy in space research and exploration for peaceful purposes and execution of Federal space program. The main goal of RSA is to provide effective solutions to social and economical tasks and promoting Russia's interests on the international space arena.
 
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory: Headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) is joined with the Harvard College Observatory (HCO) to form the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA), where more than 300 scientists are engaged in a broad program of research in astronomy, astrophysics, Earth and space sciences, and science education. [SAO jobs]
 
Space Telescope Science Institute: The Space Telescope Science Institute is the astronomical research center responsible for operating the Hubble Space Telescope as an international observatory. [STScI jobs]
 
SRC: Space Research Centre, SRC is the Scientific institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences established in 1977. Space Research Centre activities comprise the designing, preparation and realization of space experiments in the context of international cooperation.
 
SRON: The mission of Space Research Organization Netherlands (SRON) is to initiate, to develop, to build and to use internationally outstanding instruments for scientific research in and from space. [SRON jobs]
 
Swedish Institute of Space Physics: The Swedish Institute of Space Physics is a governmental research institute. The primary task is to carry out basic research, education, and associated observatory activities in space physics. [IRF jobs]
 
Swedish Space Corporation: SSC is a government-owned limited company with activities covering the entire range of space-related work from feasibility studies to operational applications of space technology. Systems engineering and management are the major activities of the company, but SSC also designs and develops high-technology hardware and software in-house, especially for use in space vehicles and in satellite ground stations. [SSC jobs]
 
Swiss Propulsion Laboratory: The Swiss Propulsion Laboratory (SPL), founded in autumn 1998 as a non-profit organization, is running integrated programs focusing on research and development of space-technology in Switzerland. SPL aims to develop, build and run reasonable priced systems to transport small civilian payloads into a low-earth orbit (LEO).
 
UCAR: The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) is a not-for-profit university membership consortium which carries out programs to benefit the atmospheric, oceanic, and related sciences. Various UCAR activities are also funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the U.S. Departments of Defense and Energy, and the Federal Aviation Administration. [UCAR jobs]
 
UK Space Agency: The UK Space Agency is an executive agency of the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) and at the heart of UK efforts to explore and benefit from space.
 
UNOOSA: The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) is the United Nations office responsible for promoting international cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space.
 

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